Acidophilus: Lactobacillus acidophilus. A lactic acid producing bacteria that is also considered to be friendly to human beings.
Amino Acids: The building blocks of proteins. A group of nitrogen containing organic acids that when combined in linked chains form proteins.
Anabolism: The "building up" cycle of human metabolism. Anything anabolic builds up the body.
Anti-catabolic: Reacting against catabolism. Preventing breakdown of the body or its parts.
Antiviral: Acts against a virus to stop its activity.
Bactericidal: Toxic to bacteria.
Bifidus: Bifido Bacteria. A group of bacteria that are considered to be friendly to human beings. They are considered to be "native" organisms in the human digestive system.
Bioactive: Having an effect on a living organism.
Casein: The primary protein in milk. Bovine milk contains approximately 80% casein. Casein is the primary protein in cheese.
Caseinate: A neutralized form of casein, usually accomplished by reacting acidic casein with a basic compound.
Catabolism: The "tearing down" cycle of human metabolism. Anything catabolic degrades the body.
Competitive Absorption Mechanism: Refers to the mechanism by which a nutrient is absorbed into the body through the intestinal walls. Some mechanisms allow unhindered absorption of nutrients, while other mechanisms are competitive and, as such, result in poorer absorption of nutrients by competitive routes.
Denature: To change a protein from its native, functional structure to a different conformation, thereby also changing its function.
Immuno-supportive: Providing assistance to the immune system.
L-glutamine: A synthetically manufactured free form of the amino acid glutamine. The "L" denotes that the compound form is "levro" optical rotating.
Metabolize: To subject to the processes by which a particular substance in handled in the body.
Micellar Casein: The natural form of casein protein in milk. The undenatured form of casein.
Nitrogen Retention: A term used to describe the amount of nitrogen that is retained in the body after a specified number of hours.
Nitrogenous: Substances, compounds, or mixtures containing nitrogen.
Oxidized: A chemical reaction wherein a chemical compound, is changed by increasing the electronegative charge of the compound either by adding oxygen or by using oxygen to take hydrogen atoms away from the compound.
pH: The measuring scale of hydrogen ion concentration. A pH below 7 indicates an acidic condition and a pH above 7 indicates a basic condition.
Peptides: Any combination of two or more amino acids linked together through amide bonds that are not a protein. Pieces of a protein produced by breaking chemical bonds on the protein.
Peptide Bonded Glutamine: A form of glutamine wherein the glutamine is peptide bonded to other amino acids. This is usually accomplished by hydrolyzing a protein source rich in glutamine.
Probiotic Organisms: A group of bacteria that are considered to assist human beings by promoting better health. Probiotic translated from Latin means "for life."
Protein Fractions: A term widely accepted to differentiate a specific protein from the group of proteins that it is usually associated with. For example, lactoferrin is a protein that is found in the group of proteins known as whey protein. Lactoferrin would be a protein fraction of whey protein.
Protein Synthesis: Manufacturing of proteins.
Viable: Capable of living or surviving. Capable of providing a function.
Whey Protein: The group of milk proteins that remains dispersed in water over a wide pH range. Usually the term refers to the proteins left in milk serum after cheese curd has been manufactured from the milk.
Yogurt Culture Organisms: Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptoccocus thermophilus. These are the bacteria that are added to milk to make yogurt. They are termed a yogurt "culture."